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Cases of monkeypox, a rare disease found mainly in central and western Africa, are being investigated in several European countries including the UK, as well as in the US, Canada and Australia. During the recent press conference in Geneva, The World Health Organization (WHO) director-general, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, outlined that "the risk of monkeypox becoming established in non-endemic countries is real” as infections have passed the 1,000 mark in non-endemic countries.

According to The UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA), there are currently 366 confirmed cases of monkeypox in the UK: 348 in England, 12 in Scotland, 2 in Northern Ireland and 4 in Wales. People diagnosed with monkeypox are advised to self-isolate at home to reduce the risk of spreading the infection. Monkeypox has been also listed as a notifiable disease meaning that all doctors in England are required to notify their local council or local Health Protection Team (HPT) if they suspect a patient has monkeypox.

Have a look at our guide below to find some important information on monkeypox – its epidemiology, transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.